Teaser Cryo Treatment
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Whole body cryotherapy in cryo-chamber for treating disturbances in equilibrium and disorders in movement coordination

Physical balance and movement coordination are closely associated with one another in the nervous system. The balance organ located in the inner ear (vestibular organ) can only determine the position of the body in space. For perceiving the position of the entire body and also its individual parts in space additional information is necessary that must be integrated to a whole in the central nervous system with information from the vestibular apparatus. This second information component comes from the visual organ and from the sensors that detect limb position, the proprioceptors. At this point we would like to deal briefly with proprioception and its influencing by cold stimuli.

The sensors that react to stimuli from the “depth” of the body are located in the musculature the tendons, the joint structures and the skin. Proprioception provides neural information about the position and movement of the body and the limbs as well as the level of force that must be exerted by the musculature in order to occupy a certain body or limb position or to maintain erect. A regular (i.e. not disrupted) flow of information from all components of proprioception is an indispensable precondition for the fine-tuned innervation of the muscle groups participating in movement coordination.

Disruptions in proprioception (pathological changes in their afferentation pattern) can occur in many ways:

–   mobility restrictions of the joints due to inflammation, pains and degenerative changes,

–   joint injuries,

–   inappropriate loading of the joint structures and in the skeletal system,

–   inappropriate loading of muscles and muscle groups, muscular weakness and hardening, muscular shortening and muscular imbalances,

–   innervation disorders of the musculature with changes in their tensile state,

–   immobilization of body parts or indeed the whole body.

Let‘s remember at this point the processes described in section 3.1 of the book (neuroreflexive processes) and look again at figure 3.3 in the book.

The associations listed there, connections of the cold afferents with other neural functional pathways, represent the primary preconditions for therapeutically employing cold against disorders in proprioception involving an impairment in coordination. This primary influence becomes effective via the afferent inhibition that describes the mutual influencing of the individual afferent systems. In addition cold acts secondarily, and to a certain extent in a modulating way, on the disrupted systems. This occurs via the inhibition of inflammation, the elimination of the pain, the recovery of the edema and the regulation of muscular innervation.

Both pathways contribute to a situation where secondary damage can be avoided and the problem does not become chronic. Once again, whole body cold can not on its own solve a balance and coordination problem, but it can improve the conditions for active training programs.

For further useful information about whole-body cryotherapy at -110 ° C, and the mechanisms of action, we recommend the book "The Power of the Cold" by Prof. Dr. sc med Winfried Papenfuss, published by Edition K Wolfsegg. Large parts of the content of this website were taken from this book. 

The catchy standard work is suitable for both professionals and interested readers. With pleasure we forward your order of "The Power of the Cold" directly to the publisher.